On 22 June 1921 King George V officially opened the Northern Ireland parliament, thus
confirming the existence of Northern Ireland as set out in the 1920 Government of Ireland Act.
Moreover, since the formation of the Ulster Special Constabulary in autumn 1920 it also had the
means to defend itself.
To discuss these and related matters tune in to History Ireland editor,
Tommy Graham, in discussion with Elaine Callinan, Seán B. Newman, Mike Rast and Brian
This Hedge School is supported by the Department of Tourism, Culture, Arts, Gaeltacht, Sport
and Media under the Decade of Centenaries 2012-2023 initiative.
Elaine Callinan, lecturer in Modern Irish History at Carlow College, author of Electioneering and propaganda in Ireland 1917-21: votes, violence and victory (Four Courts Press, 2020).
Seán B. Newman, PhD in History from Birbeck College, University of London.
Mike Rast, author of Shaping Ireland’s independence: nationalist, unionist, and British solutions to
the Irish Question (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).
Brian Walker, Professor Emeritus of Irish Studies at Queen’s University, Belfast, author of
Irish history matters: politics, identities and commemoration (The History Press, 2019).